Peas can still be sown and dwarf varieties, such as Novella, will produce plump pods nine to 11 weeks after sowing. Greenfeast takes 11 to 13 weeks.
Peas grow best in trenches filled with rich soil and compost covered with ordinary soil. Add 50 g of superphosphate for every meter of row and keep the top of the filled trench a little below ground level. This will help keep the pea roots moist longer after watering if conditions become dry.
Like peas, celery and leeks can be planted in heavily fertilized trenches covered with soil.
The Brussels sprout plants put in place now will give an early harvest to pick in late fall. Another New Year’s plantation will mature over the winter until early spring.
Late season potatoes such as Rua, Moonlight, Red Rascal, Heather, and Agria should come in as soon as possible.
Choose a sunny, humid, non-wet location with plenty of compost to feed the potato plants.
Both carrot and beet seeds of the main crop can be sown. For something different in carrot color, try White Belgian, Lubyana (yellow), Purple Dragon, or Purple Haze.
Touchon, Nantes Scarlet, Egmont Gold, Manchester Table and Topweight are reliable orange carrots with big roots. Cylindra is a proven beet, useful for bottling. Generously water the dry soil the day before sowing the carrot or beet.
Cucumbers and pumpkins can be planted now all over the South. These require extremely rich soils and hot situations.
The end of November is usually the last chance to plant sweet corn, green beans, and butter beans.
Lettuce, radish, mustard fillets, mizuna, minor lettuce (Claytonia), mixed greens and other salads can be sown now, as well as Asian greens such as pak choi, tatsoi and hon tsai tai, turnips, kohlrabi and spinach . The Swedes are to be sown where they are to mature. Rutabagas, beets, and kohlrabi can be transplanted successfully enough to fill in the gaps in the rows, but it’s a waste of time to try with carrots, turnips, or parsnips because they survive. rarely.
Violas and pansies will bloom for a longer period of time, and the quality of the flowers will be better if they are cut regularly. It also avoids hundreds of seedlings later. When the flowers start to lose quality, cutting the plants a few inches above ground level can cause new growth and more flowers.
Wallflowers, forget-me-nots, and other spring-flowering plants that have finished flowering can be pulled out.
Eschscholzia (California poppy) produces single or double flowers in shades of cream, crimson, yellow and orange and is a useful plant for poor soils that receive a lot of sun.
Calendula, nasturtium, cosmos, and cornflower plants also do well in poor, dry soils as long as they get plenty of sunlight.
Outdoor tomatoes should be growing strongly. Keep side shoots pinched, stake as needed and do not overwater if soil moisture is abundant.
When the fruits start to swell, mulch the soil under the tomato plants with straw to keep the soil warm overnight.
Apple trees sometimes have a fluffy white growth, the American blight. It is actually an outgrowth produced by a type of aphid for protection and which can be spread by strong winds.
Methyl alcohol or kerosene rubbed on the down kills insects. Because aphids often fall to the ground, it’s important to keep the ground clear for the birds to do their job or, alternatively, to rake in a soil fumigant to kill the insects.